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Document Type : Review Article


Department of Textile Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran


- Textiles are used in most industries, due to their
specific physical and mechanical characteristics. These
materials are used as sound absorbent because of their porous
structures. Moreover, textiles are less expensive, lightweight
and recyclable. This article reviews the mechanisms,
experimental modeling and research that has been done in
the last two decades in the field of sound absorption in fibers,
carpets, composites, woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, and
spacers. There are several parameters affecting the sound
absorption of textiles, and the effectiveness of each parameter
is specific to each textile. Therefore, the best usage of each
kind of textiles can be determined through considering the
sound absorption behavior at different frequencies. In this
article, it has been tried to provide general and partial specific
information about sound absorption properties of textiles. It
is noteworthy to mention that some research results are in
conflict with each other.