Open Access and Free of Charge

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Carpet, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord


During recent years, the fabrics made from different yarns have been used for industrial purposes such as composite materials. Given the importance of the shear properties of these fabrics, a mechanical model based on the Grosberg and Park's Model for hybrid plain-woven fabrics is proposed. In this model, using the Energy method, the initial load-shear angle behavior of hybrid fabrics is calculated from the yarn mechanical properties and the fabric structure. To evaluate the proposed model, the experimental results for initial shear modulus obtained from pure and hybrid fabrics of basalt and nylon are compared with the theoretical model results. A comparison of the results shows that there is rather a good agreement between the proposed model predictions and experimental results.


Main Subjects

[1] L. Liu, J. Chen, X. Li and J. Sherwood, “Two-dimensional macromechanics
shear models of woven fabrics”, Compos. Part A-Appl.
S., vol. 36, pp. 105–114, 2005.
[2] J. Hofstee and F. V. Keulen, “3-D geometric modeling of a draped
woven fabric”, Compos. Struct., vol. 54, pp. 179-195, 2001.
[3] M. Nguyen, I. Herszberg and R. Paton, “The shear properties of
woven carbon fabric”, Compos. Struct., vol. 47, pp. 767-779, 1999.
[4] L. Ye, and H. R. Daghyani, “Characteristics of woven fibre fabric
reinforced composites in forming process”, Compos. Part A-Appl.
S., vol. 28, pp. 869-874, 1997.
[5] H. Sun and N. Pan, “Shear deformation analysis for woven
fabrics”, Compos. Struct., vol. 67, pp. 317–322, 2005.
[6] R. E. Robertson, E. S. Hsiue, E. N. Sickafus and G. S. Y. Yeh,
“Fibre rearrangements during the melding of continuous fibre
composites I. flat cloth to a hemisphere”, Polym. Compos., vol. 2,
pp. 126- 131, 1981.
[7] H. Suemasu, K. Friedrich and M. Hou, “On deformation of woven
fabric-reinforced thermoplastic composites during stamp-forming”,
Compos. Manuf., vol. 5, pp. 3l-39, 1994.
[8] C. Mack and H. M. Taylor, “The fitting of woven cloth to
surfaces”, J. Text. I., vol. 47(2), pp. 477–488, 1956.
[9] J. Lindberg, B. Behre and B. Dahlberg, “Shearing and buckling of
various commercial fabrics”, Text. Res. J., vol. 31, pp. 99–122,
[10] P. Grosberg and B. J. Park, “The mechanical properties of woven
fabrics. part V. the initial modulus and the frictional restraint in
shearing of plain weave fabrics”, Text. Res. J., vol. 36, pp. 420–
431, 1966.
[11] S. Kawabata, M. Niwa and H. Kawai, “The finite deformation
theory of plain-weave fabrics. part III. the shear-deformation
theory”, J. Text. I., vol. 64(2), pp. 62–85, 1973.
[12] A. Sinoimeri and J. Y. Drean, “A study of the mechanical behavior
of the plain-weave structure by using energy methods: fabric
shear”, J. Text. I., vol. 87(1), pp. 120–129, 1966.
[13] J. Skelton, “Fundamentals of fabric shear,” Text. Res. J., vol. 46,
pp. 862–869, 1976.
[14] T. A. Martin, D. Bhattacharyya and R. B. Pipes, “Deformation
characteristics and formability of fibre-reinforced thermoplastic
sheets”, Compos. Manuf., vol. 3, pp. 165-172, 1992.
[15] X. Yu, B. Cartwright, D. McGuckin, L. Ye and Y. W. Mai, “Intraply
shear locking in finite element analyses of woven fabric
forming processes”, Compos Part A-Appl. S., vol. 37, pp. 790–803,
[16] J. Page and J. Wang, “Prediction of shear force and an analysis of
yarn slippage for a plain-weave carbon fabric in a bias extension
state”, Compos. Sci. Technol., vol. 60, pp. 977-986, 2000.
[17] P. Boisse, B. Zouari and J. L. Daniel, “Importance of in-plane
shear rigidity in finite element analyses of woven fabric composite
performing”, Compos. Part A-Appl. S., vol. 37, pp. 2201–2212,
[18] J. Cao, and Co-workers, “Characterization of mechanical behavior
of woven fabrics: experimental methods and benchmark results”,
Compos. Part A-Appl. S., vol. 39, pp. 1037–1053, 2006.
[19] M. Tehrani Dehkordi, H. Nosraty, M. M. Shokrieh, G. Minak and
D. Ghelli, “Low velocity impact properties of intraply hybrid
composites based on basalt and nylon woven fabrics”, Mater.
Design, vol. 31, pp. 3835–3844, 2010.
[20] A. Pegoretti, E. Fabbri, C. Migliaresi and F. Pilati, “Intraply and
interply hybrid composites based on E-glass and poly (vinyl
alcohol) woven fabrics: tensile and impact properties”, Polym. Int.,
vol. 53, pp. 1290-1297, 2004.
[21] U. Mohammed, C. Lekakou, L. Dong and M. C. Bader, “Shear
deformation and micromechanics of woven fabrics”, Compos. Part
A-Appl. S., vol. 31, pp. 299–308, 2000.
[22] P. Harrison, F. Abdiwi, Z. Guo, P. Potluri and W. R. Yu,
“Characterising the shear-tension coupling and wrinkling
behaviour of woven engineering fabrics”, Compos. Part A-Appl. S.,
vol. 43, pp. 903–914, 2012.